NATO's Role in Responsible AI Governance in Military Affairs

Oxford Handbook on AI Governance

32 Pages Posted: 11 Oct 2021

See all articles by Lena Trabucco

Lena Trabucco

Government of the United States of America - U.S. Naval War College; Centre for Military Studies; American University - Washington College of Law

Zoe Stanley-Lockman

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: August 2021

Abstract

In this chapter, we explore a role for the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in the emerging military artificial intelligence (AI) governance architecture. As global powers compete for capabilities that AI can offer, NATO has the challenging task of recalibrating strategic relationships in the coming years. NATO has begun to recognise technological change as a necessary variable, and in turn adapt its organisational composition and strategy to increase the Alliance’s capacity to meet emerging security challenges. As NATO bodies and Allies prepare for the impact of AI on future military operations, NATO has its own responsibility to steward AI in ways that, promote harmonisation among Allies and advance the NATO mission. Toward this effort, we highlight two governance mechanisms within NATO’s competency - strategic and policy planning, and standards and certification - as practices that exemplify NATO’s power to shape the trajectory of technological development. We operationalise these governance tools by examining of three pillars particularly challenging for AI governance: ethics and values, legal norms, and safety and security. Within each pillar, we examine NATO’s facilitation of strategic policy planning and standards and certification to emerge as a leader in establishing responsible technological development and, ultimately, a more secure international security environment. This chapter finds there is space for NATO to pursue its agenda to maintain technological superiority not just to protect and defend its way of life, but build on AI governance pillars to steward military innovation on a responsible trajectory.

Keywords: International Security, Military Technology, Global Governance, International Relations, International Law, International Organisations, North Atlantic Treaty Organization

Suggested Citation

Trabucco, Lena and Stanley-Lockman, Zoe, NATO's Role in Responsible AI Governance in Military Affairs (August 2021). Oxford Handbook on AI Governance, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3939769

Lena Trabucco (Contact Author)

Government of the United States of America - U.S. Naval War College ( email )

686 Cushing Road
Newport, RI 02841-1207
United States

Centre for Military Studies ( email )

Solbjerg Plads 3
Copenhagen, DK-2100
Denmark

American University - Washington College of Law ( email )

4300 Nebraska Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20016
United States

Zoe Stanley-Lockman

affiliation not provided to SSRN

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