Hand Movement Speed in Advertising Elicits Gender Stereotypes and Consumer Responses

Psychology & Marketing

15 Pages Posted: 18 Nov 2021

See all articles by Sumit Malik

Sumit Malik

IE Business School, IE University, Spain

Eda Sayin

Koc University; IE Business School

Date Written: October 4, 2021


Merely observing the hand movement speed with an advertised product can affect consumer perception. Five studies show that hand movement speed when observed (e.g., watching or even reading the description of slow vs. fast hand interaction with a product) elicits distinct associations in the consumer's mind and affects their responses. We suggest that people implicitly associate speedy movements with a more masculine (than feminine) behavior and use hand movement speed as an input to form evaluations of a touched product. Additionally, we demonstrate that consumers elicit higher product preference when their associations from observed hand movement speed match their own social identity. Thus, female (than male) consumers would prefer an advertised product that is depicted with a gentle (instead of speedy) hand movement—as such observed movement makes, both, the product, and the action‐performer be perceived as more feminine. We find support for these effects across different product and advertising contexts. Our findings provide novel evidence on the effect of observed and described hand movements as a signal of gender identity and have significant implications for advertising.

Keywords: advertising, implicit associations, gender stereotypes, hand movement speed, observed haptic experiences, online marketing, social identity theory

Suggested Citation

Malik, Sumit and Sayin, Eda and Sayin, Eda, Hand Movement Speed in Advertising Elicits Gender Stereotypes and Consumer Responses (October 4, 2021). Psychology & Marketing, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3940335

Sumit Malik (Contact Author)

IE Business School, IE University, Spain ( email )

Calle Maria de Molina 12
Madrid, Madrid 28006

HOME PAGE: http://https://www.linkedin.com/in/sumitmalik1/

Eda Sayin

IE Business School ( email )


Koc University ( email )

Rumelifeneri Yolu
34450 Sar?yer
Istanbul, 34450

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