How Do Mergers Affect the Mental Health of Employees?
56 Pages Posted: 18 Oct 2021 Last revised: 13 Oct 2023
Date Written: October 3, 2023
We study employee mental health as a non-monetary measure of the long-term effects of mergers. Using employer-employee level data linked to individual health records, we document that the incidence of stress, anxiety, depression, and psychiatric medication usage persistently increase following mergers. These effects are prevalent among employees from both targets and acquirers, in weak as well as in growing, profitable firms. Employees who experience negative career developments within the merging firms, "blue-collar" workers, and employees with lower skills are most affected. Mergers that generate more mental illness among employees perform worse post-transaction. A variety of tests address endogeneity concerns.
Keywords: Mergers and Acquisitions, Corporate Restructuring, Mental Health, Mental Illness
JEL Classification: G34, I10, J81, L23
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation