Personal Data Ordering in Context: The Interaction of Meso-Level Data Governance Regimes with Macro Frameworks

Internet Policy Review (2021) Volume 10 Issue (3). This paper is part of Governing “European values” inside data flows, a special issue of Internet Policy Review (guest-edited by Kristina Irion, Mira Burri, Ans Kolk, Stefania Milan).

Amsterdam Law School Research Paper No. 2022-39

Institute for Information Law Research Paper No. 2022-04

32 Pages Posted: 17 Nov 2021 Last revised: 24 Mar 2023

See all articles by Balázs Bodó

Balázs Bodó

University of Amsterdam - Institute for Information Law (IViR)

Kristina Irion

University of Amsterdam

Heleen Janssen

University of Cambridge - Computer Laboratory; University of Amsterdam - Institute for Information Law

Alexandra Giannopoulou

University of Amsterdam - Institute for Information Law (IViR)

Date Written: September 30, 2021

Abstract

The technological infrastructures enabling the collection, processing, and trading of data have fuelled a rapid innovation of data governance models. We differentiate between macro, meso, and micro level models, which correspond to major political blocks; societal-, industry-, or community level systems, and individual approaches, respectively. We focus on meso-level models, which coalesce around: (1) organisations prioritising their own interests over interests of other stakeholders; (2) organisations offering technological and legal tools aiming to empower individuals; (3) community-based data intermediaries fostering collective rights and interests. In this article we assess these meso-level models, and discuss their interaction with the macro-level legal frameworks that have evolved in the US, the EU, and China. The legal landscape has largely remained inconsistent and fragmented, with enforcement struggling to keep up with the latest developments. We argue, first, that the success of meso-logics is largely defined by global economic competition, and, second, that these meso-logics may potentially put the EU’s macro-level framework with its mixed internal market and fundamental rights-oriented model under pressure. We conclude that, given the relative absence of a strong macro level-framework and an intensive competition of governance models at meso-level, it may be challenging to avoid compromises to the European macro framework.

Keywords: Data governance, Data ordering, GDPR, Data intermediaries, Data sovereignty

Suggested Citation

Bodó, Balázs and Irion, Kristina and Janssen, Heleen and Giannopoulou, Alexandra, Personal Data Ordering in Context: The Interaction of Meso-Level Data Governance Regimes with Macro Frameworks (September 30, 2021). Internet Policy Review (2021) Volume 10 Issue (3). This paper is part of Governing “European values” inside data flows, a special issue of Internet Policy Review (guest-edited by Kristina Irion, Mira Burri, Ans Kolk, Stefania Milan)., Amsterdam Law School Research Paper No. 2022-39, Institute for Information Law Research Paper No. 2022-04, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3940525

Balázs Bodó

University of Amsterdam - Institute for Information Law (IViR) ( email )

Rokin 84
Amsterdam, 1012 KX
Netherlands

Kristina Irion

University of Amsterdam ( email )

Rokin 84
Amsterdam, 1012 KX
Netherlands

Heleen Janssen

University of Cambridge - Computer Laboratory ( email )

15 JJ Thomson Avenue
William Gates Building
Cambridge, CB3 0FD
United Kingdom

University of Amsterdam - Institute for Information Law ( email )

NIeuwe Achtergracht 166
Amsterdam, North Holland 1018 WV
Netherlands

HOME PAGE: http://https://blockchain-society.science/?page_id=67

Alexandra Giannopoulou (Contact Author)

University of Amsterdam - Institute for Information Law (IViR) ( email )

Rokin 84
Amsterdam, 1012 KX
Netherlands

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