Benchmark Currency Stochastic Discount Factors
72 Pages Posted: 19 Oct 2021 Last revised: 5 Nov 2021
Date Written: October 18, 2021
We examine the pricing performance of out-of-sample pricing factors in the broad cross-section of currency returns. To this end, we develop a methodology for estimating empirical minimum-dispersion stochastic discount factors (SDFs) under constraints on maximum position leverage. Under leverage constraints compatible with those observed in the currency markets, our empirical SDFs deliver smaller out-of-sample pricing errors than existing factor models, and are priced in individual currency and hedge fund cross-sections. After transaction costs, an investable SDF portfolio delivers a Sharpe ratio of around 0.8 and positively skewed returns. These empirical SDFs offer tractable benchmarks for candidate currency pricing models.
Keywords: FX risk premium, FX hedge funds, leverage, machine learning, SDF.
JEL Classification: F31, G12, G15
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