Putting Byrnes and Hong Kong in a Time Machine: Human Rights in 2021 under the Shadow of Beijing’s National Security Law

(2021) 27:3 Australian Journal of Human Rights 467-486.

35 Pages Posted: 28 Oct 2021 Last revised: 19 Apr 2022

Date Written: October 23, 2021

Abstract

During his academic journey in Hong Kong, Professor Andrew Byrnes wrote extensively on various human rights issues in Hong Kong, including the role of the Bill of Rights Ordinance (BORO) in protecting and promoting human rights. When Byrnes left the University of Hong Kong in 2001, a national security law was contemplated, but perhaps not the type of National Security Law (NSL) that Beijing gifted to Hong Kong on 30 June 2020. Drawing on Byrnes’ human rights writings about Hong Kong, this article critically examines the impact of the NSL on human rights in Hong Kong protected under the Basic Law as well the BORO. It also discusses the role of Hong Kong courts in minimising the adverse impact of the NSL on human rights. I argue that courts should rely on the basic structure doctrine to declare unconstitutional the relevant parts of the NSL. However, as Hong Kong courts may not be willing to opt for such an option, they should at least treat the NSL a law of “suspect constitutionality” and interpret its vague and wide provisions narrowly to strike a balance between national security considerations and the protection of human rights.

Keywords: Basic Law; Bill of Rights Ordinance; Hong Kong; Human Rights; National Security Law; One Country, Two Systems

Suggested Citation

Deva, Surya, Putting Byrnes and Hong Kong in a Time Machine: Human Rights in 2021 under the Shadow of Beijing’s National Security Law (October 23, 2021). (2021) 27:3 Australian Journal of Human Rights 467-486., Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3948629 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3948629

Surya Deva (Contact Author)

Macquarie University ( email )

Macquarie Law School
6 First Walk
Sydney, NSW 2109
Australia

HOME PAGE: http://https://researchers.mq.edu.au/en/persons/surya-deva

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