Gold Price Ratios and Aggregate Stock Returns
43 Pages Posted: 18 Nov 2021 Last revised: 31 Oct 2022
Date Written: September 9, 2020
We examine whether gold price ratios, which represent the relative valuations of gold, predict aggregate stock returns. We find that gold price ratios positively predict future stock returns in-sample, but fail to generate significant out-of-sample forecasting performance, except for the gold-oil price ratio (GO). GO is the most powerful predictor both in-sample and out-of-sample. The predictive ability of GO remains significant after controlling for traditional predictors and other gold price ratios. We find that GO drives stock returns through the cash flow channel, and is also associated with future bad economic conditions. The GO movement is determined by rare disaster concerns instead of economic fundamentals. Our results are robust to a series of tests.
Keywords: gold price ratio, predictive regression, return predictability, cash flow channel
JEL Classification: G12, G17, G53
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation