Electric Truck Hydropower, a Flexible Solution to Hydropower in Mountainous Regions

24 Pages Posted: 1 Nov 2021

See all articles by Julian David Hunt

Julian David Hunt

International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)

Jakub Jurasz

Wroclaw University of Science and Technology - Faculty of Environmental Engineering

Behnam Zakeri

International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA); Aalborg University Copenhagen

Andreas Nascimento

Federal University of Espirito Santo

Samuel Cross

Aalto University

Carla Schwengber ten Caten

Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS)

Diego Augusto de Jesus Pacheco

Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS/PPGA) - Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul

Pharima Pongpairoj

University of Oxford

Walter Leal Filho

Hamburg University of Applied Sciences (HAW)

Fernanda Munari Caputo Tomé

University of São Paulo (USP)

Rodrigo Senne

Ambar Energia

Bas van Ruijven

International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)

Abstract

The world is undergoing a transition to a more sustainable energy sector dominated by renewable sources of energy. Climate change will increase the unpredictability of the weather, which calls for an increased resiliency of the future energy systems. This paper proposes an innovative solution that consists of catching water from streams at high altitudes to fill storage containers and transport them down a mountain, converting the potential energy of water into electricity and storing it in the truck’s battery. The energy stored in the electric truck can be sold to the grid or used by the truck to transport other goods. Results show that the levelised cost of the electricity truck hydropower (ETH) is 30-100 USD/MWh, which is cheap when compared with conventional hydropower 50-200 USD/MWh. The electricity generation world potential for the technology is estimated to be 1.2 PWh per year, which is equivalent to around 4% of the global energy consumption in 2019. Apart from being a low cost and impact electricity generation technology, electric truck hydropower can operate in combination with solar and wind resources and provide energy storage services to the grid.

Keywords: Energy Storage, Hydropower, electric trucks, Battery, Renewable energy

Suggested Citation

Hunt, Julian David and Jurasz, Jakub and Zakeri, Behnam and Nascimento, Andreas and Cross, Samuel and Schwengber ten Caten, Carla and Pacheco, Diego Augusto de Jesus and Pongpairoj, Pharima and Leal Filho, Walter and Tomé, Fernanda Munari Caputo and Senne, Rodrigo and van Ruijven, Bas, Electric Truck Hydropower, a Flexible Solution to Hydropower in Mountainous Regions. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3954337 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3954337

Julian David Hunt (Contact Author)

International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)

Schlossplatz 1
Laxenburg, A-2361
Austria

Jakub Jurasz

Wroclaw University of Science and Technology - Faculty of Environmental Engineering ( email )

United States

Behnam Zakeri

International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) ( email )

Schlossplatz 1
Laxenburg, A-2361
Austria

Aalborg University Copenhagen

A. C. Meyers Vænge 15
Copenhagen, 2450
Denmark

Andreas Nascimento

Federal University of Espirito Santo ( email )

Av. Fernando Ferrari, 514
No. 514, Goiabeiras
Vitória, Espirito Santo 29075
Brazil

Samuel Cross

Aalto University ( email )

P.O. Box 21210
Helsinki, 00101
Finland

Carla Schwengber ten Caten

Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS) ( email )

Av. Carlos Gomes 1111
Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul 90480-004
Brazil

Diego Augusto de Jesus Pacheco

Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS/PPGA) - Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul ( email )

Brazil

Pharima Pongpairoj

University of Oxford ( email )

Mansfield Road
Oxford, OX1 4AU
United Kingdom

Walter Leal Filho

Hamburg University of Applied Sciences (HAW) ( email )

Berliner Tor 5
Hamburg, 20099
Germany

Fernanda Munari Caputo Tomé

University of São Paulo (USP) ( email )

Av. Prof. Luciano Gualberto 380
Sao Paulo, 05508-010
Brazil

Rodrigo Senne

Ambar Energia ( email )

Brazil

Bas Van Ruijven

International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) ( email )

Schlossplatz 1
Laxenburg, A-2361
Austria

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