The Diffusion of Merit Aid Programs Across State Lines

Journal of Higher Education Theory and Practice, (Forthcoming).

17 Pages Posted: 8 Nov 2021

See all articles by John Decker

John Decker

Public Administration

Bruce McDonald

North Carolina State University

Date Written: November 4, 2021

Abstract

States award merit aid scholarships to motivate student achievement. Merit aid programs also eliminate the movement of high-performing students to out-of-state institutions and increase access to post-secondary education for low-income families. Despite the perceived benefits of adopting a program, only 34 states have chosen to do so. Using an event history analysis approach and data for all 50 states from 1992 to 2015, we explore how external mechanisms influence the decision of a state to adopt a program. The results show that states adopt to gain a competitive edge. However, that decision is heavily influenced by the decisions of others, with trends in regional and national adoptions increasing the likelihood of a state adopting.

Keywords: merit aid scholarships, education policy, policy diffusion, event history analysis

Suggested Citation

Decker, John and McDonald, Bruce, The Diffusion of Merit Aid Programs Across State Lines (November 4, 2021). Journal of Higher Education Theory and Practice, (Forthcoming)., Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3956882 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3956882

John Decker

Public Administration ( email )

Hillsborough Street
Raleigh, NC 27695
United States

Bruce McDonald (Contact Author)

North Carolina State University ( email )

School of Public and International Affairs
Campus Box 8102
Raleigh, NC 27695
United States
919-515-2481 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.brucemcdonald.com

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