Trends in Corporate Borrowing
Posted: 9 Nov 2021
Date Written: November 1, 2021
Corporate borrowing has substantially changed over the last two decades. In this article, we investigate changes in borrowing of US publicly listed firms along trends in five key areas: (a) the funding mix of firms and the importance of balance-sheet versus off-balance-sheet borrowing; (b) the costs of corporate borrowing; (c) trends in nonprice loan terms; (d) the importance of banks versus nonbank institutional investors; and (e) the purpose for corporate borrowing. We explore these trends graphically over the 2002–2019 period, provide a narrative for these trends based on the theoretical and empirical literature in the respective areas, and discuss some implications for the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Finally, we document these trends for firms in the Eurozone countries and delineate similarities and differences.
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