Colonization and Economic Development in Hispaniola

19 Pages Posted: 18 Nov 2021

See all articles by Justin Chaljub

Justin Chaljub

University of Chicago; William T. Dwyer High School

Date Written: May 2015


This report contains an analysis of the following question: To what extent did colonialism affect the economic development of Haiti and Dominican Republic? The period of time of which I examined took place between the late seventeenth century into the mid-nineteenth century. The purpose of this paper was to determine the reason(s) behind the divulging economic development of two nations that for a majority of their history, were associated so closely with one another. I explored the colonial history of the island of Hispaniola, and discussed the implications for both Haiti and the Dominican Republic as they evolved from colonies into sovereign states. The conclusion reached is that a precedence of salutary neglect within Santo Domingo incubated the eventual development of a more stable and sovereign political system. Contrastingly, Haiti perhaps inherited its disadvantages from dependence, consolidated by a series of mitigating external and internal factors which constricted its hopes of further economic development.

Keywords: Haiti, Dominican Republic, Colonization, Hispaniola, Santo Domingo, Saint Domingue, Economic Development

Suggested Citation

Chaljub, Justin, Colonization and Economic Development in Hispaniola (May 2015). Available at SSRN: or

Justin Chaljub (Contact Author)

University of Chicago ( email )

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Chicago, IL 60637
United States

William T. Dwyer High School ( email )

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United States

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