Center-Based Care and Parenting Activities

47 Pages Posted: 10 Nov 2021

See all articles by Jonas Jessen

Jonas Jessen

German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin); European University Viadrina; IZA

Multiple version iconThere are 3 versions of this paper

Date Written: November 9, 2021


We examine the relationship between parenting activities and center-based care using time diary and survey data for mothers in Germany. While mothers using center-based care spend significantly less time in the presence of their child, we find that differences in the time spent on specific activities such as reading, talking, and playing with the child are relatively small or zero. The pattern of results is more pronounced for lower education mothers. The lack of large decreases in activities are explained by two factors: (i) that center care replaces time that parents spend with the child but are doing other things such as housework or leisure (a small direct effect), and (ii) that evenings become relatively more activity-rich (a compensating indirect effect). For the intensive margin (full-day vs. half-day) we find more additional reductions in parenting activities, but these are compensated for by lower education mothers during non-center hours. Our findings represent novel evidence that activities in the home environment are a complement to center-based care, highlighting a credible additional mechanism for child development effects of centerbased care

Keywords: Child care, Child development, Time use, Parenting investments, Oster method

JEL Classification: D13, I21, J13

Suggested Citation

Jessen, Jonas, Center-Based Care and Parenting Activities (November 9, 2021). Available at SSRN: or

Jonas Jessen (Contact Author)

German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin) ( email )


European University Viadrina ( email )


IZA ( email )

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