Der Gerichtsantrag auf Normenkontrolle gem Art. 89 Abs 2 B-VG (When in Doubt: Do Austrian Courts Need to Apply to the Constitutional Court for a Review of the Constitutionality of a Legal Provision?)

23 Pages Posted: 10 Nov 2021

See all articles by Thomas Schoditsch

Thomas Schoditsch

University of Graz - Faculty of Law

Date Written: November 11, 2021

Abstract

German Abstract: Mit dem Gerichtsantrag auf Normenkontrolle gem Art. 89 Abs 2 B-VG können ordentliche Gerichte selbst die Überprüfung der Verfassungskonformität präjudizieller Gesetze beim VfGH beantragen. Im folgenden Beitrag wird untersucht, unter welchen Voraussetzungen Gerichte zur Erhebung eines Gerichtsantrags verpflichtet sind. Dazu wird ein „Drei-Stufen-Modell“ vorgeschlagen, das einerseits die Autonomie der Gerichte im Rahmen der Privatrechtsauslegung schützt, andererseits aber auch das Normenkontrollmonopol des VfGH wahrt.

English Abstract: Sometimes courts have to apply a legal provision yet have concerns on its constitutionality. The present article examines under which circumstances an Austrian court is obliged to apply to the Constitutional Court for a review of the constitutionality of such a provision. This seemingly easy question is answered quite controversially amongst scholars from both private and public law. The present article seeks to offer a “three-steps”-scheme to decide whether or not a court has to apply to the Constitutional court. This scheme aims to protect the courts’ autonomy on the interpretation of private law as well as the Constitutional court’s monopoly to review the constitutionality of legal provisions.

Keywords: Gerichtsantrag, Normenkontrolle, VfGH, Gerichte

JEL Classification: K10, K40

Suggested Citation

Schoditsch, Thomas, Der Gerichtsantrag auf Normenkontrolle gem Art. 89 Abs 2 B-VG (When in Doubt: Do Austrian Courts Need to Apply to the Constitutional Court for a Review of the Constitutionality of a Legal Provision?) (November 11, 2021). Graz Law Working Paper No 19-2021, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3960096 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3960096

Thomas Schoditsch (Contact Author)

University of Graz - Faculty of Law ( email )

Austria

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