Inequality in Mortality between Black and White Americans by Age, Place, and Cause, and in Comparison to Europe, 1990-2018

50 Pages Posted: 15 Nov 2021

See all articles by James Banks

James Banks

Institute for Fiscal Studies (IFS); University of Manchester

Marlies Bär

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of Health Policy & Management

Paola Bertoli

University of Verona

Aline Butikofer

Norwegian School of Economics (NHH) - Department of Economics

Sarah Cattan

Institute for Fiscal Studies (IFS)

Beatrice Zong-Ying Chao

Northwestern University

Claudia Costa

Universidade de Coimbra - Centre of Studies in Geography and Spatial Planning

Janet Currie

Princeton University; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

Libertad Gonzalez

Universitat Pompeu Fabra; Barcelona Graduate School of Economics (Barcelona GSE); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Veronica Grembi

University of Rome I - Sapienza University of Rome, Department of Earth Sciences and Forecasting Research Center, Prevention and Control of Geological Risks

Kristiina Huttunen

Uppsala University

René Karadakic

Norwegian School of Economics (NHH) - Department of Economics

Lucy Kraftman

Institute for Fiscal Studies (IFS)

Sonya Krutikova

Institute for Fiscal Studies (IFS)

Stefano Lombardi

Government of the Republic of Finland - VATT Institute for Economic Research

Peter Redler

Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich (LMU)

Carlos Riumallo Herl

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of Economics (ESE)

Ana Rodriguez-Gonzalez

Lund University

Kjell G. Salvanes

Norwegian School of Economics (NHH) - Department of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Paula Santana

Universidade de Coimbra - Centre of Studies in Geography and Spatial Planning; Universidade de Coimbra

Hannes Schwandt

Northwestern University

Josselin Thuilliez

Centre d’économie de la Sorbonne

Eddy Van Doorslaer

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of Economics (ESE)

Tom Van Ourti

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of Economics (ESE)

Joachim K. Winter

Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich (LMU); CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute); Max Planck Society for the Advancement of the Sciences - Munich Center for the Economics of Aging (MEA); Deutsche Bundesbank - Research Department

Bram Wouterse

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of Economics (ESE)

Amelie Wuppermann

Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg

Multiple version iconThere are 3 versions of this paper

Date Written: September 2021

Abstract

Life expectancy for both Black and White Americans plateaued or slightly declined after 2012, but this stalling was most evident among Black Americans even prior to the COVID-19 pandemic. If improvements had continued at the 1990-2012 rate, the racial gap in life expectancy would have closed by 2036. European life expectancy also stalled after 2014. Still, the comparison with Europe suggests that mortality rates of both Black and White Americans could fall much further across all ages and in both rich and poor areas.

Suggested Citation

Banks, James and Bär, Marlies and Bertoli, Paola and Butikofer, Aline and Cattan, Sarah and Chao, Beatrice Zong-Ying and Costa, Claudia and Currie, Janet and Gonzalez, Libertad and Grembi, Veronica and Huttunen, Kristiina and Karadakic, René and Kraftman, Lucy and Krutikova, Sonya and Lombardi, Stefano and Redler, Peter and Riumallo Herl, Carlos and Rodriguez-Gonzalez, Ana and Salvanes, Kjell G. and Santana, Paula and Schwandt, Hannes and Thuilliez, Josselin and Van Doorslaer, Eddy and Van Ourti, Tom and Winter, Joachim K. and Wouterse, Bram and Wuppermann, Amelie, Inequality in Mortality between Black and White Americans by Age, Place, and Cause, and in Comparison to Europe, 1990-2018 (September 2021). CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP16589, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3960161

James Banks (Contact Author)

Institute for Fiscal Studies (IFS) ( email )

7 Ridgmount Street
London, WC1E 7AE
United Kingdom

University of Manchester

Oxford Road
Manchester, N/A M13 9PL
United Kingdom

Marlies Bär

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of Health Policy & Management ( email )

Burgemeester Oudlaan 50
Rotterdam, 3062 PA
Netherlands

Paola Bertoli

University of Verona

Via dell'Artigliere, 8
Verona, 37129
Italy

Aline Butikofer

Norwegian School of Economics (NHH) - Department of Economics ( email )

Helleveien 30
N-5035 Bergen
Norway

Sarah Cattan

Institute for Fiscal Studies (IFS) ( email )

7 Ridgmount Street
London, WC1E 7AE
United Kingdom

Beatrice Zong-Ying Chao

Northwestern University

2001 Sheridan Road
Evanston, IL 60208
United States

Claudia Costa

Universidade de Coimbra - Centre of Studies in Geography and Spatial Planning ( email )

Avenida Dias da Silva, 165
Coimbra, 3001-454
Portugal

Janet Currie

Princeton University ( email )

Princeton, NJ 08544-1021
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HOME PAGE: http://www.princeton.edu/~jcurrie

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) ( email )

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Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
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Libertad Gonzalez

Universitat Pompeu Fabra ( email )

Ramon Trias Fargas 25-27
Barcelona, 08005
Spain

Barcelona Graduate School of Economics (Barcelona GSE)

Ramon Trias Fargas, 25-27
Barcelona, Barcelona 08005
Spain

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Veronica Grembi

University of Rome I - Sapienza University of Rome, Department of Earth Sciences and Forecasting Research Center, Prevention and Control of Geological Risks ( email )

Rome
Italy

Kristiina Huttunen

Uppsala University ( email )

Box 513
Uppsala, 751 20
Sweden

René Karadakic

Norwegian School of Economics (NHH) - Department of Economics ( email )

Helleveien 30
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Norway

HOME PAGE: http://https://www.nhh.no/en/employees/faculty/rene-karadakic/

Lucy Kraftman

Institute for Fiscal Studies (IFS) ( email )

7 Ridgmount Street
London, WC1E 7AE
United Kingdom

Sonya Krutikova

Institute for Fiscal Studies (IFS) ( email )

7 Ridgmount Street
London, WC1E 7AE
United Kingdom

Stefano Lombardi

Government of the Republic of Finland - VATT Institute for Economic Research

Peter Redler

Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich (LMU) ( email )

Geschwister-Scholl-Platz 1
Munich, DE Bavaria 80539
Germany

Carlos Riumallo Herl

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of Economics (ESE) ( email )

P.O. Box 1738
3000 DR Rotterdam, NL 3062 PA
Netherlands

Ana Rodriguez-Gonzalez

Lund University

Box 117
Lund, SC S221 00
Sweden

Kjell G. Salvanes

Norwegian School of Economics (NHH) - Department of Economics ( email )

Helleveien 30
N-5035 Bergen
Norway
+47 5 595 9315 (Phone)
+47 5 595 9543 (Fax)

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Paula Santana

Universidade de Coimbra - Centre of Studies in Geography and Spatial Planning ( email )

Avenida Dias da Silva, 165
Coimbra, 3001-454
Portugal

Universidade de Coimbra ( email )

Avenida Dias da Silva, 165
Coimbra, 3001-454
Portugal

Hannes Schwandt

Northwestern University ( email )

2001 Sheridan Road
Evanston, IL 60208
United States

Josselin Thuilliez

Centre d’économie de la Sorbonne ( email )

Eddy Van Doorslaer

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of Economics (ESE) ( email )

P.O. Box 1738
3000 DR Rotterdam, NL 3062 PA
Netherlands

Tom Van Ourti

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of Economics (ESE) ( email )

P.O. Box 1738
3000 DR Rotterdam, NL 3062 PA
Netherlands

Joachim K. Winter

Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich (LMU) ( email )

Geschwister-Scholl-Platz 1
Munich, DE Bavaria 80539
Germany

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute) ( email )

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany

Max Planck Society for the Advancement of the Sciences - Munich Center for the Economics of Aging (MEA) ( email )

Amalienstrasse 33
Munich, 80799
Germany

Deutsche Bundesbank - Research Department ( email )

PO Box 10 06 02
D60006 Frankfurt
Germany

Bram Wouterse

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of Economics (ESE) ( email )

P.O. Box 1738
3000 DR Rotterdam, NL 3062 PA
Netherlands

Amelie Wuppermann

Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg ( email )

Emil-Abderhalden-Str. 7
Halle an der Saale
06099 Halle (Saale), DE Sachsen-Anhalt 06099
Germany

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