Women Legislators and Economic Performance

72 Pages Posted: 9 Nov 2021

See all articles by Thushyanthan Baskaran

Thushyanthan Baskaran

University of Siegen

Sonia Bhalotra

University of Warwick

Yogesh Uppal

Youngstown State University

Date Written: October 1, 2021

Abstract

There has been a phenomenal global increase in the proportion of women in politics in the last two decades, but there is no evidence of how this influences economic perfor- mance. We investigate this using data on competitive elections to India's state assemblies, leveraging close elections to isolate causal effects. We find significantly higher growth in economic activity in constituencies that elect women and no evidence of negative spillovers to neighbouring male-led constituencies, consistent with net growth. Probing mechanisms, we find evidence consistent with women legislators being more efficacious, less corrupt and less vulnerable to political opportunism.

Suggested Citation

Baskaran, Thushyanthan and Bhalotra, Sonia and Uppal, Yogesh, Women Legislators and Economic Performance (October 1, 2021). CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP16605, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3960186

Thushyanthan Baskaran (Contact Author)

University of Siegen ( email )

Hoelderlinstrasse 3
57068 Siegen, NRW 57068
Germany

Sonia Bhalotra

University of Warwick

Gibbet Hill Rd.
Coventry, CV4 8UW
United Kingdom

Yogesh Uppal

Youngstown State University ( email )

Youngstown, OH 44555
United States

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