The Link Between Fake News Susceptibility and Political Polarization of the Youth in the Philippines

35 Pages Posted: 18 Nov 2021

See all articles by Imelda Deinla, PhD

Imelda Deinla, PhD

School of Government, Ateneo de Manila University

Gabrielle Ann S. Mendoza

School of Government, Ateneo de Manila University

Kier Jesse Ballar

School of Government, Ateneo de Manila University

Jurel Yap

School of Government, Ateneo de Manila University

Date Written: November 17, 2021

Abstract

Misinformation, political polarization, its links, and negative societal consequences have long been studied in literature. This study contributes to this field by exploring the relationship of political polarization, using a novel measure that captures political support for President Duterte (representing the administration) against political support for Vice President Robredo (representing the opposition) on a spectrum, and the vulnerability of the Filipino youth to online misinformation through an online survey conducted among college-aged students in various colleges and universities across the Philippines. We find evidence that partisan supporters of President Duterte are more likely to inaccurately identify fake and real news, compared to partisan supporters of the opposition. This is remarkably similar to trends in the United States where Republicans are more vulnerable to misinformation. Other results also highlight possible trends, such as the link between increased self-reported frequency of seeing fake news and decreased likelihood of correctly identifying fake news, and the link between increased trust in news in social media and decreased odds of correctly identifying both real and fake news.

Keywords: Misinformation, Fake News, Political Polarization, Philippines, Youth

Suggested Citation

Imelda, Deinla and Mendoza, Gabrielle Ann and Ballar, Kier Jesse and Yap, Jurel, The Link Between Fake News Susceptibility and Political Polarization of the Youth in the Philippines (November 17, 2021). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3964492 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3964492

Deinla Imelda

School of Government, Ateneo de Manila University ( email )

Pacifico Ortiz Hall, Social Development Complex
Ateneo de Manila University, Loyola Heights, Quezo
Quezon City, 1108
Philippines

Gabrielle Ann Mendoza

School of Government, Ateneo de Manila University ( email )

Pacifico Ortiz Hall, Social Development Complex
Quezon City, 1108
Philippines

Kier Jesse Ballar

School of Government, Ateneo de Manila University ( email )

ASOG – Ateneo de Manila University Loyola Heights
Quezon City, Metro Manila 1108
Philippines

Jurel Yap (Contact Author)

School of Government, Ateneo de Manila University ( email )

Pacifico Ortiz Hall, Fr. Arrupe Road
Social Development Complex, Loyola Heights
Quezon City, Manila 1108
Philippines

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