Blaming Galileo: Liability for Damage Caused by GNSS Enabled Autonomous Systems

Proceedings of the 72nd International Astronautical Congress (IAC), Dubai, United Arab Emirates, 25-29 October 2021

Posted: 28 Mar 2022

See all articles by Ioana Bratu

Ioana Bratu

Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Transnational Legal Studies, Amsterdam Law & Technology Institute

Date Written: September 30, 2021

Abstract

GNSS offer solutions for many sectors, from road traffic, aviation, emergency-response services, civil engineering and agriculture. Due to the latest technological developments, GNSS, including Galileo, are also being integrated as an essential component of AI systems with various automation levels, such as self-driving vehicles, drones, lane keeping systems on highways etc. Despite their numerous benefits, GNSS are not risk-free. Even though it is unlikely that a loss of signal will lead to an accident caused by an AI system, this scenario cannot be totally ignored. Recent incidents revealed a series of vulnerabilities that need to be addressed before more AI systems using GNSS signals can become active participants in our societies. In this context, it becomes clear that the most pressing issue is the one related to liability: who will be liable in case an accident is caused by an AI system due to an absent or inaccurate GNSS signal at a critical point during navigation? Taking into consideration the debates concerning Galileo’s potential acceptance of liability, this paper investigates if international space law is able to prevent potential liability gaps, thus avoiding situations where incidents occur and liability cannot be attributed.

Keywords: artificial intelligence, liability, GNSS, Galileo

Suggested Citation

Bratu, Ioana, Blaming Galileo: Liability for Damage Caused by GNSS Enabled Autonomous Systems (September 30, 2021). Proceedings of the 72nd International Astronautical Congress (IAC), Dubai, United Arab Emirates, 25-29 October 2021, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3969363

Ioana Bratu (Contact Author)

Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Transnational Legal Studies, Amsterdam Law & Technology Institute ( email )

De Boelelaan 1105
Amsterdam, ND North Holland 1081 HV
Netherlands

HOME PAGE: http://https://research.vu.nl/en/persons/ioana-bratu

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