Regulation of Online Platforms

Elgar Encyclopedia of Comparative Law edited by Jan Smits, Jaakko Husa, Catherine Valcke and Madalena Narciso, forthcoming

10 Pages Posted: 11 Jan 2022 Last revised: 6 Apr 2022

See all articles by Marta Cantero Gamito

Marta Cantero Gamito

University of Tartu; School of Transnational Governance

Date Written: November 24, 2021

Abstract

This chapter identifies and examines the evolution of the regulation of online platforms in different stages characterised by different regulatory approaches, which are the result of competing ideological systems and overlapping authority claims. Regulatory approaches to platform regulation are here grouped in three different stages. The first one was defined by regulatory disruption and self-regulation. As platforms evolved, the complexity of relationships that they created and of the ecosystem in which they operated generated conflicts related to the application of existing regulatory regimes, often not designed for the platform economy. In a second stage, the legislator relied on platforms to act as regulatory intermediaries due to their enforcement capabilities. In the current third stage, legislative initiatives are currently being put in place to counterbalance increasing platform power accumulation and to protect fundamental rights. Amidst concerns of greater state surveillance, the chapter offers a comparative overview of current regulatory regimes besides the US and the EU.

[This short chapter is an entry to the forthcoming Elgar Encyclopedia of Comparative Law edited by Jan Smits, Jaakko Husa, Catherine Valcke and Madalena Narciso]

Suggested Citation

Cantero Gamito, Marta, Regulation of Online Platforms (November 24, 2021). Elgar Encyclopedia of Comparative Law edited by Jan Smits, Jaakko Husa, Catherine Valcke and Madalena Narciso, forthcoming, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3971076 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3971076

Marta Cantero Gamito (Contact Author)

University of Tartu ( email )

Ülikooli 18
Tartu 50090, 50090
Estonia

School of Transnational Governance ( email )

Via Cavour 65a
Florence
Italy

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