Sentencia (DCH) (Judgment (DCH))

48 Pages Posted: 8 Dec 2021 Last revised: 21 Jun 2022

Date Written: March 31, 2021

Abstract

Spanish Abstract: Exposición del sentido, alcance y desarrollo jurídicos de la sentencia, como parte final del proceso, en el contexto del Derecho canónico americano y filipino, conforme a lo propuesto por el Diccionario donde se inserta la voz. El esquema explicativo aborda la definición de la sentencia, sus tipos y modalidades, los requisitos que le dan forma y contenido, siguiendo luego con su redacción y ejecución, provocando el efecto de cosa juzgada, a lo que se suma después el tratamiento de los litigantes temerarios y la cuestión central de la nulidad, que es tanto como decir, de la existencia misma de la sentencia, del proceso, de la justicia y de la verdad. Se culmina con unas consideraciones sobre las especialidades americanas (personales, geográficas e institucionales), para terminar con una reflexión bibliográfica, donde se se indica lo que se ha hecho y lo que se debe hacer en el futuro cuando se aborde el estudio de este tópico tan singular como importante a la hora de construir el proceso correcto, justo, y, con él, la justicia misma.

English Abstract: Explanation of the legal meaning, scope and development of the judgment, as final part of the trial, in the context of canon law valid in Spanish America and the Philippines, as proposed by the Dictionary where the entry is inserted. The explanation scheme addresses the definition of the judgment, its types and modalities, the requirements that give it form and content, before it deals with the drafting and enforcement of a judgment, causing the effect of res iudicata. Further topics are the treatment of reckless litigants (those who litigated without good grounds) and the central question of nullity, which is to say, of the very existence of the judgment, of the trial, of justice and of the truth. The article culminates in some considerations on American peculiarities (personal, geographical and institutional), and ends with a bibliographic reflection, indicating what has been done and what should be done in the future when studying this topic, which is as unique as it is important for constructing a correct and fair trial and, with it, justice itself.

Keywords: Trial, Common Law, Justice, Theology, Judgment

Suggested Citation

Martinez, Faustino, Sentencia (DCH) (Judgment (DCH)) (March 31, 2021). Max Planck Institute for Legal History and Legal Theory Research Paper Series No. 2021-14, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3974462 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3974462

Faustino Martinez (Contact Author)

UNIVERSIDAD COMPLUTENSE DE MADRID ( email )

Carretera de Humera s/n
Madrid, Madrid 28223
Spain
696158851 (Phone)

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