Relative Factor Abundance and Trade

Posted: 4 Jun 2003

See all articles by Peter Debaere

Peter Debaere

University of Virginia - Darden School of Business; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)


I develop a factor content of trade prediction for the Heckscher-Ohlin-Vanek model (HOV) that relates bilateral differences in country endowments to bilateral differences in factor contents. The results are striking. In comparisons of North-South factor contents or factor contents of countries with very different endowments (e.g., with very different capital-labor ratios), there is clear support for an HOV sign prediction. Thus countries with dissimilar endowment ratios also have very different factor content of trade differences as predicted by the HOV model.

Suggested Citation

Debaere, Peter, Relative Factor Abundance and Trade. Available at SSRN:

Peter Debaere (Contact Author)

University of Virginia - Darden School of Business ( email )

P.O. Box 6550
Charlottesville, VA 22906-6550
United States

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

United Kingdom

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