Indian and U.S. Community Mediation

25 Pages Posted: 19 May 2003

See all articles by James A. Wall

James A. Wall

University of Missouri at Columbia

Vairam Arunachalam

University of Missouri at Columbia - School of Accountancy

Ronda Roberts Callister

Utah State University - Huntsman School of Business

Abstract

This study investigates the mediations of 50 Indian panchayats (a group of five), 50 Indian elders, and 50 U.S. mediators. Preliminary interviews with Indian students in the United States (n = 90) and with villagers in India (n = 60) established that Indian villagers rely principally upon a panchayat or male elder to mediate their disputes. (This conclusion was corroborated by a literature review.) Our interviews with panchayat leaders and elders in India indicated they do mediate and that their approaches differ in the predicted manner. For example, panchayats dictate concessions and agreement points more frequently than do elders. While the elders'; mediations differ from those of the panchayats, their approach is strongly influenced by the panchayats' mediations. As a result - and as predicted by cultural efficacy and image theories - the elders' mediations differ significantly from those of U.S. community mediators.

Keywords: Mediation, Conflict, India

Suggested Citation

Wall, James A. and Arunachalam, Vairam and Roberts Callister, Ronda, Indian and U.S. Community Mediation. 16th Annual IACM Conference Melbourne, Australia. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=398160 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.398160

James A. Wall (Contact Author)

University of Missouri at Columbia ( email )

Middlebush B UMC
Columbia, MO 65211
United States
573-882-4561 (Phone)

Vairam Arunachalam

University of Missouri at Columbia - School of Accountancy ( email )

420 Cornell Hall
Columbia, MO 65211
United States

Ronda Roberts Callister

Utah State University - Huntsman School of Business ( email )

3500 Old Main Hill
Department of Management and Human Resources
Logan, UT 84322-3500
435-797-1905 (Phone)
435-797-1091 (Fax)

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