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Dislike or Distrust? The Dynamics of Non-Cooperation Among Jewish and Arab Israelis

Posted: 6 May 2003  

Jeremy Ginges

University of Michigan at Ann Arbor - Institute for Social Research (ISR)

Deepak K. Malhotra

Harvard Business School - Negotiation, Organizations & Markets Unit

Date Written: February 2003

Abstract

This study examines the dynamics of non-cooperation in the context of an intractable ethnic conflict. Arab Israeli participants interacted with members of their own ethnicity or with Jewish Israeli participants in a mixed-motive decision task. In each case, participants were given a monetary incentive to not cooperate, but if both parties were non-cooperative, the total value of the outcome would be minimized. The experiment also varied the level of risk participants faced in low-risk conditions participants were informed that the other party had already chosen to cooperate, while in high-risk conditions they were told that neither party would know what the other had chosen before making their own decision. In addition, presenting some participants with a group-vs-group decision frame while others with an individual-vs-individual decision frame tested for the impact of making the inter-group nature of the underlying conflict salient. Finally, we tested whether a participant's attitudes regarding empathy, trust, and distrust towards members of the out-group predicted his/her behavior in the various risk and framing conditions. The paper discusses a number of interesting results of the study and suggests implications for conflict resolution and for better understanding existing theories of inter-group conflict.

Keywords: Trust, Ethnic Conflict, Cooperation

Suggested Citation

Ginges, Jeremy and Malhotra, Deepak K., Dislike or Distrust? The Dynamics of Non-Cooperation Among Jewish and Arab Israelis (February 2003). Harvard NOM Working Paper No. 03-26; 16th Annual IACM Conference Melbourne, Australia. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=398240

Jeremy Ginges (Contact Author)

University of Michigan at Ann Arbor - Institute for Social Research (ISR) ( email )

Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1248
United States

Deepak K. Malhotra

Harvard Business School - Negotiation, Organizations & Markets Unit ( email )

Soldiers Field Road
Morgan 270C
Boston, MA 02163
United States

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