Free Vaccines and Lost Privileges

[2022] Ottawa Law Review Blog

14 Pages Posted: 23 Feb 2022 Last revised: 18 Aug 2022

See all articles by Phil Lord

Phil Lord

Université de Moncton - Faculty of Law; McGill University - Faculty of Law; York University - Osgoode Hall Law School

Date Written: December 14, 2021


Governments are resorting to incentives to put the COVID-19 pandemic behind them. Using Canada as a case study, this paper discusses how governments have used positive and negative incentives to increase vaccination rates, which is key to minimizing the public health risks and restrictions related to the COVID-19 pandemic. This analysis sheds light on salient issues regarding the power and limitations of behavioral incentives, especially in the context of broader social and political challenges.

Funding: Internal funding from the Bora Laskin Faculty of Law.

Declaration of Interests: None to declare.

Keywords: COVID-19, Vaccine, Behavioral Incentives, Public Policy, Misinformation

JEL Classification: D91, E71, I12, I18, J18

Suggested Citation

Lord, Phil, Free Vaccines and Lost Privileges (December 14, 2021). [2022] Ottawa Law Review Blog, Available at SSRN: or

Phil Lord (Contact Author)

Université de Moncton - Faculty of Law ( email )

18 Antonine-Maillet Ave
Moncton, NB E1A 3E9


McGill University - Faculty of Law ( email )

3644 Peel Street
Montreal, QC H3A 1W9

York University - Osgoode Hall Law School ( email )

4700 Keele Street
Toronto, ON M3J 1P3

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