De Krijgsmacht: Doel, Functie, Taken en Rollen Geanalyseerd (The Armed Forces: Purpose, Function, Tasks and Roles Analysed)

Amsterdam Law School Research Paper No. 2021-40

Amsterdam Center for International Law No. 2021-14

25 Pages Posted: 10 Jan 2022

See all articles by P.A.L. Ducheine

P.A.L. Ducheine

University of Amsterdam - Amsterdam Center for International Law

Peter L.J. Bos

Netherlands Defence Academy

Date Written: December 17, 2021

Abstract

Dutch Abstract: De regering kent in haar Defensievisie 2035 de zwaardmachtfunctie aan ‘defen-sie’ toe. Bovendien voorziet zij twee rollen: first responder en last line of defence.
Na analyse van de constitutionele doelomschrijvingen en overige (formele) wet-geving blijkt dat de zwaardmachtfunctie aan de krijgsmacht toekomt. De krijgs-macht heeft tot doel (1) de handhaving van de onafhankelijkheid van het Ko-ninkrijk, (2) de verdediging van het Koninkrijk (en het bondgenootschappelijk grondgebied), (3) de handhaving en de bevordering van de internationale rechts-orde en stabiliteit, en (4) de bescherming van de andere belangen van het Ko-ninkrijk.
Daarbij kan zij drie rollen vervullen: first responder, safeguard en last line of defence.

English Abstract: While Article 97 the Constitution of the Netherlands has provided the purpose for the Armed Forces, the function, tasks and roles are designed based on national policy and will change over time. The most recent policy document ‘Defence Vision 2035’ has coined two new roles for Defence, the ‘first responder’ and the ‘last line of defence’. The authors assess whether these are new roles and if they apply to the Armed Forces or (the Ministry of) Defence as a whole, and if these new roles apply to all three core tasks - defending national and territory and that of our allies; enforcing the (inter)national rule of law; providing assistance during disasters and crises – or only apply to the latter as the Defence Vision suggests. Finally, the authors suggest to add a third role, to ‘safeguard’.

Keywords: Armed Forces, Defence, Defence Vision 2035, Article 97 of the Constitution, core tasks, law enforcement, extraordinary circumstances

JEL Classification: K40, F51, F52, N40

Suggested Citation

Ducheine, P.A.L. and Bos, Peter L.J., De Krijgsmacht: Doel, Functie, Taken en Rollen Geanalyseerd (The Armed Forces: Purpose, Function, Tasks and Roles Analysed) (December 17, 2021). Amsterdam Law School Research Paper No. 2021-40, Amsterdam Center for International Law No. 2021-14, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3988121 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3988121

P.A.L. Ducheine (Contact Author)

University of Amsterdam - Amsterdam Center for International Law ( email )

P.O. Box 1030
Amsterdam, 1000 BA
Netherlands

Peter L.J. Bos

Netherlands Defence Academy ( email )

PO Box 90002
Breda, 4800
Netherlands

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