Climate Change, International Migration, and Interstate Conflicts

62 Pages Posted: 16 Feb 2022

See all articles by Cristina Cattaneo

Cristina Cattaneo

RFF-CMCC European Institute on Economics and the Environment

Timothy Foreman

King's College London; RFF-CMCC European Institute on Economics and the Environment

Abstract

Interstate conflicts are complex and often have a multitude of causes. These factors can be social, economic, or cultural. One social factor receiving little attention in the literature is international migration. This paper uses climate shocks as a driver of emigration, to study the causal impact of immigration on conflicts. We find that climate induced immigration increases the probability that the destination country initiates a conflict against the origin. We find that this effect is moderated by attitudes in the receiving country and features of the specific flows. The results imply that countries severely impacted by climate change may face an exodus of migrants and forced to confront conflicts initiated by the destination countries of these migrants.

Keywords: International Conflicts, climate change, international migration

Suggested Citation

Cattaneo, Cristina and Foreman, Timothy, Climate Change, International Migration, and Interstate Conflicts. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3995984 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3995984

Cristina Cattaneo (Contact Author)

RFF-CMCC European Institute on Economics and the Environment ( email )

Timothy Foreman

King's College London ( email )

150 Stamford Street
London, SE1 9NH
United Kingdom

RFF-CMCC European Institute on Economics and the Environment ( email )

Via Bergognone, 34
Milan, 20144
Italy

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
65
Abstract Views
297
Rank
634,872
PlumX Metrics