Estimating Seats–Votes Partisan Advantage

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See all articles by Alec Ramsay

Alec Ramsay

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: December 30, 2021


A new class of metrics is defined that measure whether redistricting plans favor one political party or the other: partisan advantage using a seats–votes benchmark. Ten prominent measures of partisan bias are evaluated against a cross section of nearly three dozen past, present, and hypothetical congressional plans. Only (dis)proportionality and the efficiency gap are shown to reliably measure this across a wide range of statewide vote shares. When winner's bonuses are between one and two inclusive, plans are shown to have acceptable bias with respect to the efficiency gap ideal of 2-proportionality.

Keywords: redistricting, bias

Suggested Citation

Ramsay, Alec, Estimating Seats–Votes Partisan Advantage (December 30, 2021). Available at SSRN:

Alec Ramsay (Contact Author)

affiliation not provided to SSRN

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