Women empowerment and environmental sustainability in Africa

ASPROWORDA Working Paper 003/22

30 Pages Posted: 5 Jan 2022

See all articles by Elvis Achuo

Elvis Achuo

University of Dschang

Simplice Asongu

African Governance and Development Institute

Vanessa S. Tchamyou

African Governance and Development Institute

Date Written: January 4, 2022

Abstract

This study examines the effect of women’s socioeconomic empowerment on environmental sustainability in Africa over the 1996-2019 period. Results of the system Generalised Method of Moments (GMM) estimator reveal that women’s socioeconomic empowerment is environment enhancing. Moreover, the findings reveal that the environmental impact of women’s socioeconomic empowerment is modulated through GDP per capita and Foreign Direct Investments (FDI), leading to respective net effects of 0.002055 and 0.003478. These positive net effects are offset beyond respective threshold values of 9.513889 and 9.611398. These thresholds of GDP and FDI are critical for complementary policies relating to the link between women empowerment and environmental sustainability. Consequently, for women empowerment to effectively contribute to environmental sustainability in Africa, various governments, either through individual or concerted efforts should endeavour to create enabling business environments capable of attracting substantial FDI necessary to propel sustainable growth. Moreover, the nexus is not linear and hence, governments should also be aware of critical levels of FDI and GDP per capita at which, complementary policies are needed for women’s socioeconomic empowerment to maintain a positive influence on environmental sustainability.

Keywords: Women empowerment, Environmental sustainability, Ecofeminism, Africa

JEL Classification: B54, J16, O55, Q56

Suggested Citation

Achuo, Elvis and Asongu, Simplice and S. Tchamyou, Vanessa, Women empowerment and environmental sustainability in Africa (January 4, 2022). ASPROWORDA Working Paper 003/22, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4000269 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4000269

Elvis Achuo

University of Dschang ( email )

Simplice Asongu (Contact Author)

African Governance and Development Institute ( email )

P.O. Box 8413
Yaoundé, 8413
Cameroon

Vanessa S. Tchamyou

African Governance and Development Institute ( email )

P.O. Box 8413
Yaoundé, 8413
Cameroon

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