Measuring Manipulability of Matching Mechanisms

27 Pages Posted: 5 Jan 2022

See all articles by Kenzo Imamura

Kenzo Imamura

The University of Tokyo

Kentaro Tomoeda

University of Technology Sydney (UTS) - Department of Economics

Date Written: January 4, 2022


Pathak and Sönmez (2013) provided support for many real-world school choice reforms by showing that the post-reform mechanisms are often “less manipulable” than the pre-reform mechanisms according to their criterion of manipulability. In many realistic preference domains including tiered-preference domains, however, we point out that both pre- and post-reform mechanisms are shown to be equally manipulable according to their criterion. In this paper, we study the manipulability of these mechanisms by counting the number of students who have the incentive to manipulate the mechanisms. We show that the post-reform mechanisms strictly reduced the number of manipulating students, and further this holds true even in tiered-preference domains. We also conduct simulations to illustrate how our counting approach and the existing approach differ in quantifying manipulation incentives.

Keywords: Manipulability, Boston mechanism, Deferred Acceptance mechanism

JEL Classification: C78, D47, D82, I20

Suggested Citation

Imamura, Kenzo and Tomoeda, Kentaro, Measuring Manipulability of Matching Mechanisms (January 4, 2022). Available at SSRN: or

Kenzo Imamura (Contact Author)

The University of Tokyo ( email )

7-3-1 Hongo
Tokyo, 113-0033

Kentaro Tomoeda

University of Technology Sydney (UTS) - Department of Economics ( email )



Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Abstract Views
PlumX Metrics