The Effects of Growth Mindset on College Persistence and Completion

40 Pages Posted: 1 Mar 2022

See all articles by Soobin Kim

Soobin Kim

Education Analytics

John Yun

Michigan State University - College of Education

Barbara L. Schneider

Michigan State University - College of Education

Michael Broda

Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU)

Christopher Klager

Northwestern University

I-Chien Chen

Michigan State University - College of Education

Date Written: January 7, 2022

Abstract

We study the long-term effects of a psychological intervention on longitudinal academic outcomes and degree completion of college students. All freshmen at a large public university were randomized to an online growth mindset, belonging, or control group. We tracked students’ academic outcomes including GPA, number of credits attempted and earned, major choices, and degree completion. We found no evidence of longitudinal academic treatment effects in the full sample. However, the mindset treatment improved term GPAs for Latinx students and the probability for Pell-eligible and Latinx students to major in selective majors. We also found no evidence of increased rates of on-time graduation, however, the treatment raised the probability to graduate with selective majors in four years, especially for Latinx students.

Keywords: college persistence, college completion, growth mindset

JEL Classification: C93, I21, I23

Suggested Citation

Kim, Soobin and Yun, John and Schneider, Barbara L. and Broda, Michael and Klager, Christopher and Chen, I-Chien, The Effects of Growth Mindset on College Persistence and Completion (January 7, 2022). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4002830 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4002830

Soobin Kim (Contact Author)

Education Analytics ( email )

131 West Wilson St
Madison, WI 53703
United States

John Yun

Michigan State University - College of Education ( email )

East Lansing, MI
United States

Barbara L. Schneider

Michigan State University - College of Education ( email )

East Lansing, MI
United States

Michael Broda

Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU) ( email )

1015 Floyd Avenue
Richmond, VA 23284
United States

Christopher Klager

Northwestern University ( email )

2001 Sheridan Road
Evanston, IL 60208
United States

I-Chien Chen

Michigan State University - College of Education ( email )

East Lansing, MI
United States

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