The Value of Corporate Political Donations: Evidence from the Capitol Riot

39 Pages Posted: 14 Jan 2022

See all articles by Christopher Poliquin

Christopher Poliquin

UCLA Anderson School of Management

Young Hou

University of Virginia

Date Written: January 11, 2022

Abstract

Corporate political action committees donate about $300 million to federal political candidates each election cycle, but research offers mixed evidence on the value of these contributions. We estimate the value of a firm's campaign contributions by studying the decision of 159 S&P 500 companies to stop donations following a riot in the U.S. Capitol building. Average cumulative abnormal returns over the two days following firms' announcements to halt donations were −0.6 percent. There is no significant relationship between the magnitude of abnormal returns and (a) the amount of political contributions, (b) the intensity of regulation in a firm's industry, (c) the firm's lobbying expenditures, or (d) the firm's score on governance and political accountability indexes. Analysis of campaign donations following the riot shows that firms mostly honored their pledge to stop donations, at least for the first quarter of 2021. Together, the results suggest campaign donations by corporate political action committees have small effects on firm value.

Keywords: political action committee, donations, nonmarket strategy, campaign finance

JEL Classification: D72, K29, G38

Suggested Citation

Poliquin, Christopher and Hou, Young, The Value of Corporate Political Donations: Evidence from the Capitol Riot (January 11, 2022). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4005515 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4005515

Christopher Poliquin (Contact Author)

UCLA Anderson School of Management ( email )

110 Westwood Plaza
Los Angeles, CA 90095
United States

Young Hou

University of Virginia ( email )

1400 University Ave
Charlottesville, VA 22903
United States

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
99
Abstract Views
530
rank
356,912
PlumX Metrics