Air pollution and emigration behaviors – evidence of an urban area in a developing economy

12 Pages Posted: 9 Mar 2022 Last revised: 28 Mar 2022

See all articles by Quang Loc Nguyen

Quang Loc Nguyen

SP Jain School of Global Management

Ananya Singh

S P Jain School of Global Management

Saanvi Jain

SP Jain School of Global Management

Anish Roychowdhury

SP Jain School of Global Management

Abhijit Dasgupta

SP Jain School of Global Management

Date Written: January 11, 2022

Abstract

Expeditious increase in population and industrialization has led to alarming rates of air pollution in all countries. However, developing economies have had to face a more adverse and severe impact. This had led to many changes in the day to day living of citizens. In this paper we have focused on the psychological process and predictors of migration intention of the people living in Hanoi, Vietnam. Two stratified random datasets of 475 people were used, and Bayesian analysis was performed on this dataset. We found out that the intent to move was negatively associated to the individual’s satisfaction with air quality. We also found that people who have family members that have fallen victim to a disease caused by air pollution are more likely to migrate. This paper discusses an important topic: immigration of the younger demographic, i.e. the Hanoi workforce, which may cause restrictions and hurdles in the city's urbanisation and development. The findings suggest that, if measures against air pollution are not taken, economic forces may be disrupted, posing a threat to urban growth. As a result, collaborative activities and steps need to be taken by the government to curb this unfortunate consequence.

Keywords: air pollution, vietnam, migration

Suggested Citation

Nguyen, Quang Loc and Singh, Ananya and Jain, Saanvi and Roychowdhury, Anish and Dasgupta, Abhijit, Air pollution and emigration behaviors – evidence of an urban area in a developing economy (January 11, 2022). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4005727 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4005727

Quang Loc Nguyen (Contact Author)

SP Jain School of Global Management ( email )

Ananya Singh

S P Jain School of Global Management ( email )

10 Hyderabad Road
P. O. Box 502345
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Saanvi Jain

SP Jain School of Global Management ( email )

+91 88378 64005 (Phone)

Anish Roychowdhury

SP Jain School of Global Management

Abhijit Dasgupta

SP Jain School of Global Management

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