Gender, Generations, and Non-Farm Participation

33 Pages Posted: 3 Jul 2003

See all articles by M. Shahe Emran

M. Shahe Emran

George Washington University - Department of Economics

Misuzu Otsuka

Johns Hopkins University - Department of Economics

Forhad Shilpi

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

Date Written: March 2003

Abstract

This paper presents an empirical analysis of intergenerational linkages in non-farm participation with a focus on gender effects. The evidence, using survey data from Nepal, shows that the mother exerts strong influence on a daughter's employment choice: having a mother in non-farm sector raises a daughter's probability of non-farm participation by 200 percent. The effects are truly dramatic for skilled non-farm jobs; having a mother in skilled job raises daughter's probability by 1200 percent. Having a father in non-farm, on the other hand, does not have any significant effect on a son's probability of non-farm participation when the endogeneity of education and assets is corrected for by Two Stage Conditional Maximum Likelihood approach. However, a moderate positive intergenerational correlation between fathers and sons exists for skilled jobs.

Keywords: Intergenerational Correlations, Non-Farm Participation, Gender Effect, Two Stage Conditional Maximum Likelihood

JEL Classification: J62, O12

Suggested Citation

Emran, M. Shahe and Otsuka, Misuzu and Shilpi, Forhad, Gender, Generations, and Non-Farm Participation (March 2003). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=401140 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.401140

M. Shahe Emran

George Washington University - Department of Economics ( email )

2115 G Street NW
302 Monroe Hall
Washington, DC 20052
United States

Misuzu Otsuka (Contact Author)

Johns Hopkins University - Department of Economics ( email )

3400 Charles Street
Baltimore, MD 21218-2685
United States

Forhad Shilpi

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) ( email )

1818 H. Street, N.W.
MSN3-311
Washington, DC 20433
United States
202-458-7476 (Phone)
202-522-1151 (Fax)

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