Scope 3 Emissions and Their Impact on Green Portfolios

32 Pages Posted: 27 Jan 2022 Last revised: 15 Jul 2022

See all articles by THEOPHILE ANQUETIN

THEOPHILE ANQUETIN

CARBON4 FINANCE

Guillaume Coqueret

EMLYON Business School

Bertrand Tavin

emlyon business school

lou welgryn

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: July 15, 2022

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to study the performance of carbon-based portfolios when all emissions scopes are accounted for. We formalize low-carbon portfolio strategies by integrating a carbon intensity penalty to a constrained mean-variance optimization framework. To do so, we resort to direct and indirect emissions data, split between Scopes 1-2 and Scope 3. Our empirical results show that it is possible to cut emission intensities in half at least with virtually no loss in Sharpe ratio for reasonable levels of the carbon constraint. These results are valid across various choices of risk aversions, and irrespective of emissions data provider. For a sustainability-aware investor, these low-carbon portfolios are associated to a higher level of welfare compared to their traditional counterpart. We find that the corresponding allocations are shifted towards assets with higher returns while keeping the portfolio’s volatility unchanged. Overall, our results add to the literature contending that sustainable investing is not costly.

Keywords: Scope 3 emissions, portfolio optimization, sustainable finance

JEL Classification: G11, G15, Q59

Suggested Citation

ANQUETIN, THEOPHILE and Coqueret, Guillaume and Tavin, Bertrand and welgryn, lou, Scope 3 Emissions and Their Impact on Green Portfolios (July 15, 2022). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4012629 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4012629

THEOPHILE ANQUETIN

CARBON4 FINANCE ( email )

54 RUE DE CLICHY
PARIS, 75009
France

Guillaume Coqueret (Contact Author)

EMLYON Business School ( email )

23 Avenue Guy de Collongue
Ecully, 69132
France

Bertrand Tavin

emlyon business school ( email )

23 Avenue Guy de Collongue
Ecully, 69132
France

Lou Welgryn

affiliation not provided to SSRN

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