Post-program Impacts of Transfer Programs on Child Development: Experimental Evidence from Bangladesh

IFPRI Discussion Paper 2090

60 Pages Posted: 12 Mar 2022

See all articles by Akhter U. Ahmed

Akhter U. Ahmed

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Jena Hamadani

International Center for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (ICDDR,B) - Centre for Child and Adolescent Health

Md. Zahidul Hassan

Data Analysis and Technical Assistance (DATA) Limited

Melissa Hidrobo

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

John Hoddinott

Cornell University - Charles H. Dyson School of Applied Economics and Management

Bastien Koch

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Kalyani Raghunathan

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Shalini Roy

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Date Written: December 31, 2021

Abstract

Evidence shows transfer programs can improve early childhood development (ECD). However, knowledge gaps remain on how short-term impacts on ECD evolve as children grow older, how program design features and context affect child development impacts over time, and through what pathways such impacts occur. We study the Transfer Modality Research Initiative (TMRI), a 2-year randomized controlled trial in two regions of Bangladesh that provided cash or food transfers, with or without complementary nutrition programming, to mothers of children aged 0-2 years at baseline. Drawing on data collected at 6 months post-program (when children were about 2-4 years old) and at 4 years post-program (when children were about 6-8 years old), we assess post-program impacts of TMRI on children’s home environment and development. We find strong post-program impacts on the home environment from cash transfers in the Northern region, particularly when combined with complementary programming, however limited post-program effects on child development outcomes. Improvements found in child development tend to be concentrated in boys. We find few post-program improvements in home environment or child development from food transfers in the Southern region, with or without complementary programming.

Keywords: BANGLADESH, SOUTH ASIA, ASIA, early childhood development, children, child development, social protection, cash transfers, food transfers, behavior change communication

Suggested Citation

Ahmed, Akhter U. and Hamadani, Jena and Hassan, Md. Zahidul and Hidrobo, Melissa and Hoddinott, John and Koch, Bastien and Raghunathan, Kalyani and Roy, Shalini, Post-program Impacts of Transfer Programs on Child Development: Experimental Evidence from Bangladesh (December 31, 2021). IFPRI Discussion Paper 2090, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4012707

Akhter U. Ahmed

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) ( email )

1201 Eye St, NW,
Washington, DC 20005
United States

Jena Hamadani

International Center for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (ICDDR,B) - Centre for Child and Adolescent Health ( email )

68 Shahid Tajuddin Ahmed Sharani
Mohakhali (GPO Box 128, Dhaka 1000)
Dhaka, DC Dhaka 1212 Dhaka
Bangladesh

Md. Zahidul Hassan

Data Analysis and Technical Assistance (DATA) Limited ( email )

Dhaka
Bangladesh

Melissa Hidrobo

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) ( email )

1201 Eye St, NW,
Washington, DC 20005
United States

John Hoddinott

Cornell University - Charles H. Dyson School of Applied Economics and Management ( email )

Ithaca, NY
United States

Bastien Koch

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) ( email )

1201 Eye St, NW,
Washington, DC 20005
United States

Kalyani Raghunathan

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) ( email )

1201 Eye St, NW,
Washington, DC 20005
United States

Shalini Roy (Contact Author)

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) ( email )

1201 Eye St, NW,
Washington, DC 20005
United States

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
13
Abstract Views
130
PlumX Metrics