Who Discriminates? Evidence from a Trust Game Experiment Across Three Societies

39 Pages Posted: 21 Jan 2022

See all articles by Swee‐Hoon Chuah

Swee‐Hoon Chuah

Royal Melbourne Institute of Technolog (RMIT University)

Simon Gaechter

University of Nottingham; IZA Institute of Labor Economics; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

Robert Hoffmann

Royal Melbourne Institute of Technolog (RMIT University) - School of Economics, Finance and Marketing

Jonathan Tan

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Abstract

Do people's individual characteristics influence the extent to which they discriminate against particular groups? We introduce an incentive-compatible measure of an individual's tendency to discriminate on others' different social identities that takes into account the costs of discrimination. In particular, we elicit participants' willingness to discriminate (WTD) in their investments to make their decisions dependent on others' social identities using a laboratory trust game experiment with 545 participants in three international locations: Malaysia, China and the UK. Analysis of our WTD measure shows that discrimination differs depending on discriminators’ religious, ethnic and national group identities, as well as on their political and religious values. Overall our results support the psychological distinctiveness of WEIRD participants found in other studies.

Keywords: discrimination, experiment, willingness to discriminate, Trust, culture.

Suggested Citation

Chuah, Swee‐Hoon and Gachter, Simon and Hoffmann, Robert and Tan, Jonathan, Who Discriminates? Evidence from a Trust Game Experiment Across Three Societies. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4014302 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4014302

Swee‐Hoon Chuah

Royal Melbourne Institute of Technolog (RMIT University) ( email )

124 La Trobe Street
Melbourne, 3000
Australia

Simon Gachter

University of Nottingham ( email )

University Park
Nottingham, NG8 1BB
United Kingdom

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany

Robert Hoffmann (Contact Author)

Royal Melbourne Institute of Technolog (RMIT University) - School of Economics, Finance and Marketing ( email )

Level 12, 239 Bourke Street
Melbourne, Victoria 3000
Australia

Jonathan Tan

affiliation not provided to SSRN

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