A Climate-Neutral Europe by 2050: Challenges and Policy Levers for European Countries
Edited Book entitled 'Marketing et communication politique' with Frédéric Dosquet, Eric Barquissau and Herbert Castéran. EMS Edition (Management & Society).
Posted: 17 Mar 2022
Date Written: January 22, 2022
The 2021 United Nations Climate Change Conference, more commonly referred to as COP26, convened after a year-long postponement due to the unprecedented global COVID-19 crisis. It marked five years since more than 2,000 governments and businesses have taken the net zero pledge by setting historic climate and energy targets (COP21). But those targets remain too low to effectively prevent the worst-case climate change scenario. Achieving the 2015 Paris climate goals necessitates a prompt decarbonization of energy systems around the world. Regardless of the rapid dynamic development of renewable energy markets worldwide, a transition to sustainable energy is still a heavily political process. Adopting appropriate and swift policies and regulations seem of paramount importance to allow the development and diffusion of sustainable technologies and to drive the climate action. The political support is highly required to legitimize ambitious policy solutions. Governments must promise more ambitious cuts in warming gases to fight harmful global temperature rises. Even though the European members are publicly committed to the European Green Deal, they are divided over different critical issues including the proposed carbon border adjustment mechanism, the role of nuclear energy in Europe’s future energy mix, bridging technologies in the transition to net zero, as well as the socio-economic impacts of the decarbonization of the energy sector or the transition to a low-carbon economy. Overall, many policies and programmes remain at a formative stage, and policy uncertainty is very high. This chapter seeks to (i) compare the climate plans conducted by 28 European Union (EU-28) member states setting out measures to ensure that the Paris targets are achieved, (ii) assess whether some governments have been responding more promptly than others, (iii) identify the major barriers to achieving climate and energy targets, and (iv) provide some possible policy responses that governments can take to ensure that emergency measures, implemented to deal with the current COVID crisis, do not alter the environmental transition.
Keywords: Energy and environmental transitions, COVID-19 pandemic, politics, the EU-28 countries
JEL Classification: F42, F64, Q42, Q43
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation