Money in the Right Hands
99 Pages Posted: 3 Feb 2022 Last revised: 24 Mar 2023
Date Written: December 12, 2022
We study stock liquidity from a demand-based perspective in the context of mutual fund fire sales and index reconstitutions. We introduce a stock-level measure of specialized demand, capturing the available investment capacity of investors likely to have a high valuation for a stock and find that it determines non-fundamental price discounts. When specialized, elastic demand is scarce, we observe the price pressure documented in the literature. Specialized demand does not proxy for informed trading, and neither asset quality nor adverse selection explain our results. Rather, inefficient allocations induced by fire sales lead to transiently higher discount rates and price pressure.
Keywords: Mutual funds, Demand-based asset pricing, Fire sales, Liquidity, Market efficiency
JEL Classification: G11, G12, G14, G23
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation