COVID-19 in Latin America: A High Toll on Lives and Livelihoods

60 Pages Posted: 15 Feb 2022

See all articles by Bas Berend Bakker

Bas Berend Bakker

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

Carlos Goncalves

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

Date Written: June 1, 2021

Abstract

Latin America was hit hard by Covid-19, both in terms of lives and livelihoods. Early lockdowns in the second quarter of 2020 prevented an explosion of deaths at the time but did not stop the pandemic from later wreaking havoc in the region. This paper investigates the dynamics of pandemics in Latin America and how it differed from elsewhere. We probe the role of non-pharmaceutical interventions; the effectiveness (or lack of thereof) lock-downs in Latin America; which structural factors contributed to the high death toll in Latin America, and the extent to which the epidemic harmed the economy. Finally, we briefly analyze the roots of the second-waves that started in the fourth quarter of 2020.

Keywords: later lockdown, dynamics of Covid-19 epidemic, lock-downs in Latin America, modeling lockdown type, lockdowns in Latin America, COVID-19, South America, Caribbean, Europe, Western Europe, Asia and Pacific

JEL Classification: F31, E26, I12, J10

Suggested Citation

Bakker, Bas Berend and Goncalves, Carlos, COVID-19 in Latin America: A High Toll on Lives and Livelihoods (June 1, 2021). IMF Working Paper No. 2021/168, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4026366

Bas Berend Bakker (Contact Author)

International Monetary Fund (IMF) ( email )

700 19th Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20431
United States

Carlos Goncalves

International Monetary Fund (IMF) ( email )

700 19th Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20431
United States

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