The Market Inside the Market: Odd-Lot Quotes
60 Pages Posted: 8 Feb 2022 Last revised: 11 Feb 2022
Date Written: February 1, 2022
We show how current market practices relating to odd lot quotes result in a large “inside” market where for many stocks better prices routinely exist relative to the National Best Bid or Offer (NBBO). We provide strong evidence that being able to see these odd lot quotes provides valuable information to traders with access to proprietary data feeds. We develop a XGBoost machine learning prediction algorithm that uses odd lot data to predict future prices, and demonstrate a simple and profitable trading strategy using odd lot data. We show that the SEC’s new approach of changing the definition of a round lot reduces, but does not ameliorate, the high incidence of superior odd lot quotes within the NBBO.
Keywords: Odd-lot quotes, inside market, NBBO, round lots, Reg NMS II, machine learning
JEL Classification: G14, G21, G23, G24
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation