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Investing in Global Health Security: Estimating Cost Requirements for Global Capacity Building
18 Pages Posted: 10 Feb 2022More...
Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted critical gaps in global capacity to prevent, detect, and respond to infectious diseases. To effectively allocate investments that address these gaps, it is first necessary to quantify the extent of the need, evaluate the types of resources and activities that require additional support, and engage the global community in ongoing assessment, planning, and implementation. Which investments are needed, where, to strengthen health security?
Methods: This work aims to estimate costs to strengthen national-level health security, globally and identify associated cost drivers. The cost of building public health capacity is estimated based on investments needed, per country, to progress towards the benchmarks identified by the World Health Organization’s Joint External Evaluation (JEE). For each country, costs are estimated to progress to a score of “demonstrated capacity” (4) across indicators.
Findings: Over five years, an estimated US$124 billion is needed to reach “demonstrated capacity” on each indicator of the JEE for each IHR Member State. Personnel costs, including skilled health, public health, and animal health workers, are the single most influential cost driver, comprising 66% of total costs.
Interpretation: These findings, and the data generated by this effort, provide cost estimates to inform ongoing health security financing discussions at the global level. The results highlight the significant need for sustainable financing mechanisms for both workforce development and ongoing support for the health and public health workforce.
Funding Information: This work was funded by Resolve to Save Lives: An Initiative of Vital Strategies.
Declaration of Interests: This work was funded by Resolve to Save Lives: An Initiative of Vital Strategies.
Keywords: global health security, health security investment
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation