Inhibition of Human Coronaviruses by Piperidine-4-Carboxamides
28 Pages Posted: 3 Mar 2022
Immunization efforts for the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) have been successful in reducing disease severity. However, as the pandemic continues and new variants emerge, along with vaccine hesitancy, efforts are ongoing to identify antiviral agents for SARS-CoV-2 treatment. Here, we evaluated the in vitro activities of piperidine-4-carboxamide compound (NCGC2955) against human α- coronavirus NL63, β-coronaviruses OC43, and the alpha and delta variants of SARS-CoV-2 in several cell lines. NCGC2955 showed antiviral activity in NL63-infected Vero and MK2 cells: EC50 2.5± 0.15 µM and 1.5 ± 0.2 µM, respectively. The cellular toxicity in both cell types was > 300 µM. The EC50 of NCGC2955 in OC43-infected human foreskin fibroblasts was 1.5 ± 0.01 µM, and a dose-response in reducing OC43 antigen was observed in Western blot analysis. NCGC2955 inhibited SARS26 CoV-2 in both Vero E6 and Calu-3 cells. A comparison of the activity of NCGC2955 and a structurally related analog (153) in SARS27 CoV-2-infected Calu-3 cells revealed similar EC50 (0.2 ± 0.02 µM and 0.11 ± 0.04 µM, respectively). Both compounds inhibited the delta variant in Calu-3 cells. This class of agents may be promising broad-spectrum antivirals that can be further developed towards clinical use.
Funding: JM acknowledges funding from Flight Attendant Medical Research Institute (FAMRI) and Institute for Clinical and Translational Research UL1TR003098.
Declaration of Interests: None to declare.
Keywords: coronaviruses, SARS-CoV-2, piperidine-4-carboxamide
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