From Anti-Vax Intentions to Vaccination: Panel and Experimental Evidence from Nine Countries

31 Pages Posted: 25 Feb 2022

See all articles by Vincenzo Galasso

Vincenzo Galasso

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); Bocconi University; University of Bocconi - Innocenzo Gasparini Institute for Economic Research (IGIER); CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute); Bocconi University - Baffi Carefin Centre

Vincent Pons

Harvard University - Business School (HBS)

Paola Profeta

Bocconi University

Michael Becher

IE University

Sylvain Brouard

Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (EHESS) - Center for Political Research

Martial Foucault

Sciences Po - Center for Political Research (CEVIPOF)

Multiple version iconThere are 3 versions of this paper

Date Written: February 2022

Abstract

Millions of people refuse COVID-19 vaccination. Using original data from two surveys in nine OECD countries, we analyze the determinants of anti-vax intentions in December 2020 and show that half of the anti-vax individuals were vaccinated by summer 2021. Vaccinations were more likely among individuals aged 50+, exposed to COVID-19, compliant with public restrictions, more informed on traditional media, trusting scientists, and less concerned about vaccines’ side effects. We run a survey experiment with informational messages. In EU countries, a message about protecting health largely increases vaccinations, even among anti-vax individuals. In the U.K. and U.S., a message about protecting the economy generates similar effects. Our findings suggest that informational campaigns should adopt adequate narratives and address concerns about vaccines’ side effects.

Suggested Citation

Galasso, Vincenzo and Galasso, Vincenzo and Pons, Vincent and Profeta, Paola and Becher, Michael and Brouard, Sylvain and Foucault, Martial, From Anti-Vax Intentions to Vaccination: Panel and Experimental Evidence from Nine Countries (February 2022). NBER Working Paper No. w29741, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4034191

Vincenzo Galasso (Contact Author)

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

London
United Kingdom

Bocconi University ( email )

Via Roetgen 1
20136 Milan, MI 20136
Italy

University of Bocconi - Innocenzo Gasparini Institute for Economic Research (IGIER)

Via Roentgen 1
Milan, 20136
Italy
+39 02 5836 5319 (Phone)
+39 02 5836 5318 (Fax)

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany

Bocconi University - Baffi Carefin Centre ( email )

Via Roentgen 1
Milan
Italy

Vincent Pons

Harvard University - Business School (HBS) ( email )

Soldiers Field Road
Morgan 270C
Boston, MA 02163
United States

Paola Profeta

Bocconi University ( email )

Milan, MI
Italy

Michael Becher

IE University ( email )

Paseo de la Castellana, 259
Madrid, 28046
Spain

HOME PAGE: http://https://www.ie.edu/university/about/faculty/michael-becher/

Sylvain Brouard

Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (EHESS) - Center for Political Research ( email )

105 blvd. Raspail
Paris, 75006
France

Martial Foucault

Sciences Po - Center for Political Research (CEVIPOF) ( email )

98 rue de l'Université
Paris, 75007
France

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