Women in the Courtroom

59 Pages Posted: 28 Mar 2022 Last revised: 6 Jun 2022

See all articles by Heng Chen

Heng Chen

The University of Hong Kong

Yuyu Chen

Peking University - Guanghua School of Management

Qingxu Yang

Peking University

Date Written: February 21, 2022


Examining roughly 6 million civil judgments in China during the period 2014--2018, we document that gender disparities in litigation outcomes are present and prevalent and that male judges discriminate against female plaintiffs more than female judges do. Exploiting an open justice reform where an increasing fraction of trials were broadcast online, we find that the disadvantage of female plaintiffs (relative to male plaintiffs) becomes smaller when the broadcast intensity increases and that male judges reduce the gender gap to a larger extent than female judges do. We show that the reform is effective because judges' decision-making processes become more visible.

Keywords: Judicial Reform; Gender Bias; Judge; Litigant; Transparency.

JEL Classification: K10; K4; O12; P16; P48

Suggested Citation

Chen, Heng and Chen, Yuyu and Yang, Qingxu, Women in the Courtroom (February 21, 2022). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4039566 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4039566

Heng Chen (Contact Author)

The University of Hong Kong ( email )

Pokfulam Road
Hong Kong, Pokfulam HK

Yuyu Chen

Peking University - Guanghua School of Management ( email )

Peking University
Beijing, Beijing 100871

Qingxu Yang

Peking University ( email )

No. 38 Xueyuan Road
Haidian District
Beijing, Beijing 100871

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