Aridification, Agriculture, and Infant Health: Evidence from Soil Potential Evapotranspiration

52 Pages Posted: 29 Mar 2022 Last revised: 2 Apr 2022

See all articles by Jacopo Lunghi

Jacopo Lunghi

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Maurizio Malpede

GREEN, Bocconi University

Marco Percoco

Bocconi University - Department of Policy Analysis and Public Management

Date Written: February 14, 2022

Abstract

This study explores how aridity (proxied with a measure of soil potential evapotranspiration) impacts agricultural productivity and child wellbeing in Sub-Saharan Africa. Climate conditions, crop yield, and infant health measures are collected over approximately 4,000 grid cells of 0.5 x 0.5 in 34 countries. The results indicate that cells with higher soil aridity suffer from lower agricultural productivity, and infants born in arid areas are comparatively more likely to be underweight at birth and in the early years. Additionally, the aridity measure in this study captured a large share of the effect on crop yields and child health imputed to precipitations alone. The findings are applied to model projections of future climate conditions to emphasize the importance of accounting for aridity alongside precipitations when assessing the economic impact of climate.

Note:
Funding Information: None to declare.

Declaration of Interests: None to declare.

Keywords: Climate, aridification, agricultural productivity, potential evapo-transpiration, child mortality, infant health, climate damages

JEL Classification: J1, J13, I15, Q54, Q56, O15

Suggested Citation

Lunghi, Jacopo and Malpede, Maurizio and Percoco, Marco, Aridification, Agriculture, and Infant Health: Evidence from Soil Potential Evapotranspiration (February 14, 2022). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4040610 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4040610

Jacopo Lunghi

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Maurizio Malpede (Contact Author)

GREEN, Bocconi University ( email )

Via Sarfatti, 25
Milan, MI 20136
Italy

Marco Percoco

Bocconi University - Department of Policy Analysis and Public Management ( email )

Via Roentgen 1
Milan, 20136
Italy

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
5
Abstract Views
32
PlumX Metrics