Specific Depressive Symptoms are Related with Different Patterns of Alcohol Use in Community-Dwelling Older Adults

22 Pages Posted: 2 Mar 2022

See all articles by Nicolas Catellanos

Nicolas Catellanos

Stavanger University Hospital - Centre for Age-Related Medicine (SESAM)

Miguel German Borda

Pontifical University Javeriana Cali - Semillero de Neurociencias y Envejecimiento

Sara Cataño

Pontificia Universidad Javeriana

Salomon Giraldo

Pontificia Universidad Javeriana

Audun Osland Vik-Mo

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Dag Aarsland

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Rahul Tony Rao

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Abstract

Objectives: To explore how individual depressive symptoms might contribute to different patterns of alcohol consumption in Colombian older adults living in the community.

Methods: A Secondary analysis from a nationally representative cross-sectional study of more than 23,000 older adults, with data from 19,004 participants. Drinking frequency, and level (moderate or heavy drinking) were used to assess alcohol use and depressive symptoms explored with the 15 items-GDS., using bivariate and multivariate adjusted regression models.

Results: Lower weekly drinking frequency and a higher number of drinks per serving were associated with total GDS score. For individual symptoms, higher drinking frequency was associated with dropping activities and a preference to stay at home. Lower drinking frequency was associated with low mood, unhappiness, feelings of emptiness, worthlessness, hopelessness, and a lack of vigour. Lower number of drinks per serving was associated with withdrawal/apathy related symptoms; these also related to higher frequency of weekly alcohol consumption.Higher number of drinks per serving was associated with feelings of emptiness, worthlessness, boredom, helplessness, worthlessness. not wanting to be alive, thinking that that other people are better off in their mood,  being afraid that something bad will happen and subjective memory problems. Moderate drinkers had a higher likelihood of reporting lack of vigour.

Conclusion: There were diverse patterns of alcohol use according to individual depressive symptoms. This has implications for interventions to reduce alcohol related harm in older people across a range of depressive symptoms with different patterns of alcohol use.

Note:
Funding Information: SABE-Colombia study is supported by a fund (2013, no. 764) from Colciencias and the Ministry of Health and Social Protection of Colombia.

Declaration of Interests: None.

Ethics Approval Statement: This study is a secondary analysis of the SABE study and was approved by the ethics committees at Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Bogotá, Colombia. Participants from this study signed informed consents. Our study follows ethical guidelines of Helsinki declaration.

Keywords: Aged, Depression, Depressive disorder, Alcohol drinking, Mental Health

Suggested Citation

Catellanos, Nicolas and Borda, Miguel German and Cataño, Sara and Giraldo, Salomon and Vik-Mo, Audun Osland and Aarsland, Dag and Rao, Rahul Tony, Specific Depressive Symptoms are Related with Different Patterns of Alcohol Use in Community-Dwelling Older Adults. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4047524 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4047524

Nicolas Catellanos (Contact Author)

Stavanger University Hospital - Centre for Age-Related Medicine (SESAM) ( email )

Stavanger
Norway

Miguel German Borda

Pontifical University Javeriana Cali - Semillero de Neurociencias y Envejecimiento ( email )

Bogotá
Colombia

Sara Cataño

Pontificia Universidad Javeriana ( email )

(+57 1) 3208320
cpuerta@javeriana.edu.co
Cra. 7 No. 40 - 62 Bogotá, CO 111711
Colombia

Salomon Giraldo

Pontificia Universidad Javeriana ( email )

(+57 1) 3208320
cpuerta@javeriana.edu.co
Cra. 7 No. 40 - 62 Bogotá, CO 111711
Colombia

Audun Osland Vik-Mo

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

Dag Aarsland

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Rahul Tony Rao

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

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