Mapping Evolving Population Geography in China: Spatial Redistribution, Regional Disparity, and Urban Sprawl

33 Pages Posted: 28 Mar 2022

See all articles by Lei Dong

Lei Dong

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

Rui Du

Department of Economics, Oklahoma State University

Yu Liu

Peking University - Institute of Remote Sensing and Geographical Information Systems

Date Written: March 4, 2022

Abstract

China’s demographic changes have important global economic and geopolitical implications. Yet, our understanding of such transitions at the micro-spatial scale remains limited due to spatial inconsistency of the census data caused by administrative boundary adjustments. To fill this gap, we manually collected and built a population census panel from 2010 to 2020 at both the county and prefectural-city levels. We show that the massive internal migration drives China’s increasing population concentration and regional disparity, resulting in severe population aging in shrinking cities and increasing gender imbalance in growing cities.

Keywords: Population geography, China, census, micro-spatial scale

Suggested Citation

Dong, Lei and Du, Rui and Liu, Yu, Mapping Evolving Population Geography in China: Spatial Redistribution, Regional Disparity, and Urban Sprawl (March 4, 2022). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4049338 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4049338

Lei Dong (Contact Author)

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) ( email )

77 Massachusetts Avenue
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Cambridge, MA 02139-4307
United States

Rui Du

Department of Economics, Oklahoma State University ( email )

347 Business Building
Oklahoma State University
Stillwater, OK OK 74078-0555
United States

Yu Liu

Peking University - Institute of Remote Sensing and Geographical Information Systems ( email )

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