Deep Regression Ensembles
29 Pages Posted: 8 Mar 2022
Date Written: March 3, 2022
We introduce a methodology for designing and training deep neural networks (DNN) that we call 'Deep Regression Ensembles' (DRE). It bridges the gap between DNN and two-layer neural networks trained with random feature regression. Each layer of DRE has two components, randomly drawn input weights and output weights trained myopically (as if the final output layer) using linear ridge regression. Within a layer, each neuron uses a different subset of inputs and a different ridge penalty, constituting an ensemble of random feature ridge regressions. Our experiments show that a single DRE architecture is at par with or exceeds state-of-the-art DNN in many data sets. Yet, because DRE neural weights are either known in closed-form or randomly drawn, its computational cost is orders of magnitude smaller than DNN.
Keywords: Deep learning, Neural network, Random features, Ensembles
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