Child Penalties in Politics

52 Pages Posted: 17 Mar 2022

See all articles by Jon H. Fiva

Jon H. Fiva

Norwegian School of Management (BI) - Department of Economics

Max-Emil M. King

BI Norwegian Business School

Date Written: 2022

Abstract

Women tend to experience substantial declines in their labor income after their first child is born, while men do not. Do such “child penalties” also exist in the political arena? Using extensive administrative data from Norway and an event-study methodology, we find that women drop out of local politics to a larger extent than men after their first child is born. Parenthood also seems to have a differential long-term effect on women and men's political careers, which may explain why women, especially women with children, are underrepresented at higher levels of the political hierarchy.

Keywords: gender gap, child penalties, political selection

JEL Classification: D630, D720, J130, J160

Suggested Citation

Fiva, Jon H. and King, Max-Emil M., Child Penalties in Politics (2022). CESifo Working Paper No. 9611, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4054116 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4054116

Jon H. Fiva (Contact Author)

Norwegian School of Management (BI) - Department of Economics ( email )

Oslo
Norway

Max-Emil M. King

BI Norwegian Business School ( email )

Nydalsveien 37
Oslo, 0442
Norway

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
32
Abstract Views
82
PlumX Metrics