Seasonality in the Statistics of Surface Air Temperature and the Pricing of Weather Derivatives
22 Pages Posted: 25 Jul 2003
Date Written: October 2002
The pricing of weather derivatives motivates the need to build accurate statistical models of daily temperature variability. Current published models are shown to be inaccurate for locations that show strong seasonality in the probability distribution and autocorrelation structure of temperature anomalies. With respect to the first of these problems, we present a new transform that allows seasonally varying non-normal temperature anomaly distributions to be cast into normal distributions. With respect to the second we present a new parametric time-series model that captures both the seasonality and the slow decay of the autocorrelation structure of observed temperature anomalies. This model is valid when the seasonality is slowly varying. Finally we present a simple non-parametric method for the modelling of daily temperatures that is accurate in all cases including extreme non-normality and rapidly varying seasonality.
Keywords: weather derivatives, weather risk, weather forecasts, ensemble forecasts, probabilistic forecasts, daily temperatures, temperature time-series
JEL Classification: G12, G13
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation