Crime-Related Exposure to Violence and Prosocial Behavior Experimental Evidence from Colombia

29 Pages Posted: 16 Mar 2022

See all articles by Francesco Bogliacino

Francesco Bogliacino

National University of Colombia

Camilo Gómez

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Gianluca Grimalda

Kiel Institute for the World Economy; Centre for Global Cooperation Research, University of Duisburg-Essen; Jaume I University

Abstract

Alongside negative feedback loops between violence and development, several studies find a positive and significant effect of exposure to warfare onto prosocial behavior. This increase in prosociality tends to favor the group the individual identifies with relative to the out-group. The current study assesses whether these findings extend to victims of crime in urban areas. We conduct two artefactual field experiments in Bogotá (Colombia) to address these issues. Our methodological strategy is to experimentally manipulate the recall of violence, either through a direct question or through a monetary loss in participants’ experimental endowment. We interact these treatments with the degree of exposure to violence. We find that victims recalling experiences of urban violence act more prosocially in terms of trust, trustworthiness, and cooperation. The increase in prosociality favors residents in the same city district as the participant (ingroup bias). However, the ingroup bias holds in trust decisions but not in public goods games decisions. We fail to find statistically significant evidence supporting any mediation mechanisms we analyze.

Keywords: Violence, Negative Economic Shock, Trust, Trustworthiness, Cooperation, In-group bias

Suggested Citation

Bogliacino, Francesco and Gómez, Camilo and Grimalda, Gianluca, Crime-Related Exposure to Violence and Prosocial Behavior Experimental Evidence from Colombia. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4058827 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4058827

Francesco Bogliacino (Contact Author)

National University of Colombia ( email )

Carrera 30 45-03
Bogota, None
Colombia

Camilo Gómez

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

Gianluca Grimalda

Kiel Institute for the World Economy ( email )

P.O. Box 4309
Kiel, Schleswig-Hosltein D-24100
Germany

Centre for Global Cooperation Research, University of Duisburg-Essen ( email )

Schifferstraße 196
Duisburg, NRW 47059
Germany

Jaume I University ( email )

Castellon
E-12071 Castello de la Plana, Castellón de la Plana 12071
Spain

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